does the word "biosolids" mean?
You are not going to believe this but your government
actually paid a Washington PR firm $300,000 of your tax money to come up with a flashy
word to replace the phrase "human feces mixed with industrial waste." The word the PR people came up
with was "biosolids" or "BS" for short. See
BS used to be called
"sewage sludge," and in fact it is still called that in the federal
regulations and statutes and by most opponents of BS. Technically, BS is
sewage sludge that has undergone some minimal amount of treatment to temporarily
amount of certain pathogens, but not all pathogens. The sewage
sludge is not typically treated at all to reduce a number of heavy metals and toxic
organic chemicals. But because the treatment is so minimal and because the
treatment has not
been proven to render the sludge non-toxic, many opponents of spreading
sludge on farmland feel that it is misleading to call sludge by the euphemistic
name "biosolids." For this reason the present website uses
the alternative designation "BS," which is a doubly apt moniker in view
of all of the false information (BS) the government and the sludge industry
disseminate about biosolids.
But whatever it's
called -- biosolids, BS, sewage sludge, sludge -- it is still the semi-solid
sewage residue comprising human feces
mixed with industrial waste. Enjoy.
BS is really sewage sludge, then what is sewage sludge?
Sewage sludge is the
poop-goop that settles to the bottom of large settling tanks that
sewage flows into after the large components are screened out. The
poop-goop is removed from the settling tanks and partially dewatered, loaded
into containers and delivered to Virginia's farms as
"biosolids". And it's free for those suckers who accept it and
spread it on their land. After all, the US Clean Water Act defines
sewage sludge as a pollutant, which is why it's against the law to discharge it
into the country's waters.
towns sewage comprises primarily whatever is flushed down the town's toilets,
and so the poop-goop at the bottom of the tanks is, essentially, human
feces. Sewage sludge therefore represents a concentration of whatever
pathogens -- bacteria, viruses, prions, worms and their eggs -- are present in the gastro-intestinal tracts of everyone in the
community. If the town has a hospital, prison, mortuary, etc., whatever
discharged into the sewer system by such institutions is also concentrated in
the sewage sludge. All of this is then spread onto farm land under the
guise of "biosolids."
that's not all. In
addition to pathogens a lot of toxic materials end up going into the sewage
system. Pharmaceuticals, for instance, are excreted in urine and
feces. Often people dump their outdated drugs straight into the toilet. Household cleaners
go into the sewage stream. Many types of cloth materials are treated with
fire retardants, which enter the sewage system when the materials are washed in
home washing machines. In short, even when sewage sludge comes from a community
that has no industrial activity, various toxic materials find their way into the
community's sewage sludge along with the feces and pathogens.
rural areas have a much larger problems than the spreading of just locally
produced BS because Virginia is where many large cities on the
east coast dump their sewage:
Washington, D.C., New York, Arlington, Va., Newark, New
Jersey. This means that the amount of feces and household toxins discussed
above is multiplied by a factor of millions. In addition Virginia gets
dumped on by whatever gets flushed down the toilets of millions
of hospitals, public buildings, and prisons in and around these mega-cities.
In addition, BS dumped on Virginia also includes an unknown and constantly
changing array of whatever toxins are poured
down the drains of hundreds of thousands of small and large manufacturing
plants. This can -- and does -- include heavy metals and cancer-causing
toxins such as dioxins.
All of this
human feces mixed with industrial waste is given to many unsuspecting Virginia
farmers as free "biosolids." And they wonder how they could be